Incinerator-equipment for waste disposal of any kind. To operate the incinerator does not require special skills and qualifications, and the principle of its operation and the device equipment you will learn from this article.
Any production or enterprise that produces large amounts of waste, uses special equipment for their disposal-incinerators. Easy operation, high efficiency, safety and environmental friendliness-all this made these installations especially popular.
This equipment requires electricity, a certain type of fuel for the burner (diesel or gas), an automatic control system. Depending on the incinerator model, different control systems and power supply circuits can be used, but their design always remains the same. So, the disposal unit consists of:
• loading chamber;
• the post-combustion chamber of combustion products;
• loading hatch;
* burner (or two);
• exhaust pipe.
Diagram of the incinerator
Without distractions on all sorts of improvements to the parameters of the equipment, let’s look at the basic scheme of incinerator for waste disposal.
* Waste is loaded into the combustion chamber, where it is exposed to high temperatures. As a result of burning organic waste in the form of thick smoke into the secondary combustion chamber and the mineral substances are converted into a sterile ash and remain in the first chamber. Of the total waste remains no more than 5% ash.
• In the afterburning chamber there is a complete neutralization products of combustion — gases. Here they are heated at higher temperatures — from 1100 to 1500 degrees Celsius. Due to this, the risk of hazardous emissions into the atmosphere is reduced to zero.
* Safe smoke enters the atmosphere through the chimney and it does not cause any harm to the environment. Moreover, thanks to a special gas cleaning system, these gases have no color or specific smell.
Advantages of incinerator operation
Operation of incinerators has a number of obvious advantages over other types of waste disposal:
* high efficiency: waste can be incinerated in large volumes directly at the place of its formation;
* wide range of applications: the equipment is suitable for almost all types of waste;
* easy to use: no special skills are required to operate the device;
* safety: the recycling process ensures minimal contact with hazardous waste of the company’s employees, as well as complete safety for the environment;
* cost-effective: minimal maintenance is required for the equipment.
Buy incinerators of the highest quality that meet all standards of quality and safety, you can on our website. We offer the best models of equipment at the most affordable prices.
According to European statistics, the agricultural industry produces up to 500 million tons of waste annually. Only in Russia, according to official data, this figure is more than 80 million tons. Such huge volumes of unsuitable materials must be disposed of in a timely manner and correctly, because the garbage that is formed as a result of the work of livestock enterprises, poultry farms and other agricultural industries is a source of dangerous infections and other pathogens.
What is included in the category of agricultural waste?
Agricultural waste includes:
— biological remains of animals and birds, carcasses;
— residual fertilizers and pesticides;
— liquid waste produced by agricultural machinery and much more.
Basic methods of biological waste disposal. Use of incinerators for cremation of animals
Disposal of biological waste is carried out in accordance with strict safety rules and regulations. This procedure should be carried out in specialized equipment for waste disposal.
Improper destruction of this type of waste can provoke an outbreak of dangerous infectious diseases, moreover, even lead to epidemics and livestock mortuary of animals and birds. Such uncontrolled loss of livestock can have a negative impact on the environmental situation.
As for the effective method of disposal of agricultural waste, the use of Becker pits or their burial in landfills is unacceptable. Today, many industries and enterprises can buy incinerators – highly efficient installations for waste disposal by thermal method.
Incinerators-safe equipment for the destruction of biomaterials and other agricultural debris
Such equipment for waste disposal as incinerator is not only environmentally friendly, but also highly efficient. The device consists of two chambers: loading and afterburning. In the first chamber there is a process for the thermal destruction of waste (at a temperature of 700-1100 degrees Celsius), and the second is the process of burning dangerous products of combustion that are formed during waste disposal (temperatures up to 1500 degrees Celsius).
Such incinerators are also characterized by high reliability, performance, practicality and efficiency in use.
The problem of our time is a significant deterioration of the environmental situation. And in many ways — it is the result of numerous factories, industrial enterprises, industries and other institutions that produce large volumes of hazardous waste and household waste.
Our company-manufacturer of incinerators offers an optimal solution to this problem — the use of incinerators at their enterprises for incineration of waste from food production, oil refining companies, veterinary and medical institutions and much more.
Features of the equipment
Production of incinerators is the profile of our company. We offer our customers a wide range of models of different modifications and configuration at the most affordable cost.
The principle of incinerators operation is based on the most effective technology of waste destruction — thermal impact. Processing of waste and biomass occurs at the highest temperatures — from 700 to 1200 degrees. Our incinerators consist of a loading chamber, post-combustion chamber gases, the grates, burners, charging port and the chimney.
Due to high temperature exposure, hazardous organic compounds, toxic substances, infected medical waste and liquid products of oil refineries are completely neutralized. The smoke formed during the combustion, falls into a special afterburner, and after further purification it is already released into the atmosphere. In this case, the exhausts do not carry any danger to the environment, have no color or specific smell.
The main reasons why you need to buy incinerator from the manufacturer
Purchase of equipment on our website will allow you to solve several problems at once:
* optimize the recycling process in production;
* improve the sanitary and hygienic condition of the enterprise;
* improve the environmental situation;
* reduce the cost of disposal of industrial waste.
Incinerators presented on the manufacturer’s website are equipped with all necessary components and have the appropriate parameters for the effective disposal of waste of different types. The cost of the equipment will depend on the modification and technical characteristics. But rest assured, this acquisition will pay off to you in the near future.
The main reason why you should buy incinerator from the manufacturer-the lack of markups on the price of intermediate sellers. Moreover, we will help you to choose the appropriate equipment depending on the characteristics of your production and requirements.
If necessary, we will be able to equip incinerators with special elements, thanks to which heat will be produced in the process of waste disposal, which is a very cost-effective economic solution, for example, for sawmills, furniture companies, timber processing enterprises, etc.
If you have any questions, our qualified consultants will provide you with full assistance in choosing the right incinerator.
Incinerator plant is the most effective equipment for the disposal of almost all waste. Their use is beneficial both from an economic point of view and for the environment. Therefore, the installation of incinerator in the enterprise — the right decision to protect the environment.
The equipment is a furnace consisting of two chambers — one directly load the waste, and the second is the process of afterburning of combustion products and their complete clearance.
Incinerator, in comparison with other units for waste disposal, has undeniable advantages. First of all, due to its efficiency, as unsuitable material is destroyed by a radical method — by means of high temperatures (from 700 to 1200 degrees Celsius). Due to this, there is a complete neutralization of hazardous substances.
How is the installation of incinerator. Principles of its operation
Incinerator-equipment that is relatively easy to use. To work with the installation does not require any special skills. And the process of recycling takes place with absolute safety for both employees and the environment.
Incinerators are equipped with an automatic control system that minimizes human involvement in the disposal process. In fact, employees of the enterprise, where incinerator is used, are in contact only with sterile ash, which is formed after burning waste. This is very important, because many types of waste are potentially dangerous to human health and even life.
Incinerator installation takes place on a hard surface, and protected from the effects of precipitation and other adverse factors place. The inclination towards the dashboard should be minimal. It is also recommended to choose a place for installation of equipment, where there will be no vegetation.
Please note, all machinery and equipment devices are Packed inside, so they should be removed before installing the incinerator. Then the installation of the chimney, burners and grate.
Oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons, sulfur — and oxygen-containing compounds. Roughly speaking, waste from oil production and refining is the difference between the oil produced and the products derived from it. According to scientific terminology, oily waste, or oil sludge – is a multicomponent mixture, which contains petroleum products, clay, various metal oxides, sand and water. The listed components in fractions of a unit are in the ratio:
* substances of organic origin: 0,1-0,25;
* inorganic substances: 0.05 -0.3;
* water: 0.5-0.7.
Oily waste is generated at all stages of production, transportation, processing, storage and use of oil and products derived from it:
• during production, oil spills onto the ground and mixes with the soil or ground;
* accidents and accidental spills of oil products into the water (oil wastes are included in the oil-water emulsion) are possible during transportation by sea. When transported by land or through pipes, accidental oil and its products may also fall on the soil surface (a mixture of oil products and soil is formed);
* at oil refineries, wastewater containing oil waste is collected for sedimentation in special ponds and oil traps. After settling, the surface of the pond contains up to 80% oil sludge, muddy bottom — up to 1%, the middle part — up to 90%. After cleaning the tanks where oil or oil products were stored, a mixture of oil sludge with mechanical impurities, such as rust, is formed;
* oil and oil product spills are possible during use and storage (a mixture of oil products and soil is formed).
Oily waste can be divided into:
1. Liquid waste containing a lot of water and easily separated from it.
2. Gel-like waste obtained from chemical wastewater treatment. Separation of waste from water is difficult.
3. Waste containing few combustible products and practically does not separate from water.
4. Waste with a high concentration of petroleum products, requiring special methods of disposal.
Mankind uses the following methods of disposal of oily waste:
Placement in a sealed container and burial in special landfills. The method is not environmentally appropriate because of the risk of leaks and accidents. Its use can lead to environmental disasters. In addition, it is economically much more profitable to use oil waste for the second time.
Decontamination and recycling. This method includes methods:
The thermal method involves incineration of petroleum waste in furnaces, drying, pyrolysis and thermal desorption. Most commonly used combustion in bubbling, chamber, shaft, rotary kilns and fluidized bed.
This method of disposal can be called more effective along with other possible methods. Thermal utilization of oil waste and fire neutralization of contaminated water in the presence of a fuel-burning plant is economically feasible and environmentally beneficial to carry out in places of their formation.
All medical waste is divided into 5 hazard classes. And if the first two do not pose a great threat to human health, the latter can cause irreparable harm not only to health, but also to the environmental situation in the region. Moreover, the issue of proper disposal of medical waste is relevant for all hazard classes. Any medical waste must be properly stored and then destroyed, even to throw non-hazardous materials in the landfill-a crime against humanity and against existing laws.
For disposal of medical waste it is recommended to use special equipment-incinerator. Modern manufacturers of these devices offer a huge range of models that allows you to choose the best and compact version of the incinerator, which can then be installed simply on the territory of a medical institution. This solution will significantly optimize the recycling process and reduce the cost of transportation and payment for services to enterprises engaged in the destruction of waste. After all, with the help of incinerator to dispose of medical waste can be directly at the place of its formation.
This solution has another advantage – the recycling process becomes completely controlled. Waste is loaded by an employee of the institution, the destruction of garbage is carried out under the influence of high temperatures, and upon completion of the incinerator remains no more than 5% of sterile ash, which does not cause any harm to the environment and human health.
Harmless is the exhaust that enters the atmosphere as a result of burning waste. And all thanks to an additional afterburning chamber of gaseous smoke, which is equipped with modern incinerators.
Such a reliable and efficient design, easy operation, wide range of operation and performance make the use of waste disposal equipment extremely relevant and appropriate.
Biological waste is regularly produced by numerous livestock and slaughterhouse farms that are actively functioning in the region And the question of their correct and timely disposal is an issue of environmental importance.
Disposal of animal waste cannot provide an adequate level of environmental safety, because biomass is a dangerous source of infections and pathogens, the spread of which can lead to an outbreak of the epidemic.
The only true and effective method of disposal of biological waste, also safe from the point of view of ecology, the use of special incinerators for cremation of animals.
This equipment for waste disposal is a highly technical engineering solution that allows to achieve the fastest and most effective destruction of unsuitable materials directly at the place of their formation.
Incinerator works on the principle of thermal waste disposal. The design of the device is quite simple, but it does not affect its performance and high environmental friendliness. The incinerator consists of two chambers, a loading hatch, grate with burners and an exhaust pipe. The process of disposal of the loaded waste takes place in the first tank, where at a temperature of up to 900 degrees Celsius, they turn into a sterile ash residue. That dense smoke that is formed as a result of burning of biomaterial, gets to the second chamber of incinerator – here at a temperature up to 1250 degrees Celsius it is completely neutralized. High combustion temperature and its maintenance inside the incinerator chambers provide powerful and productive burners and grate.
Operation of the incinerator for burning animal and other biological wastes allows to ensure proper disposal of the produced materials. In addition, this device is also characterized by high reliability and durability. If you follow all the rules and instructions for its use, the service life of the incinerator will be more than 10 years.
The agricultural industry and the enterprises that work in it produce large amounts of biological waste. According to sanitary standards, these types of waste are disposed of strictly in accordance with the regulations, because biomass is a clear threat to the environment and human health.
Classification of biological waste
Like any waste, residual biomass has its own classification. In the first category (first class of danger) are:
— stillborn animals;
— corpses of stray animals;
— laboratory animal;
— the corpses of animals;
— carcasses of farm birds and animals.
Such biological remains are disposed of thermally – by burning in a specialized incinerator for cremation of animals. This method is not only the most effective, but also safe for the environment.
Organization of recycling process. Using the incinerator
Improper storage and late disposal of biological waste can lead to serious consequences – up to the outbreak of the epidemic. Independent burial of carcasses of animals and birds in the ground – is prohibited by applicable law. Destruction of such hazardous materials is carried out in specialized equipment for waste disposal – incinerators.
This device has a special design and is equipped with a special afterburning chamber of combustion products. In it, at temperatures up to 1200 degrees Celsius, the process of neutralization of hazardous exhausts. This arrangement of the disposal process allows not only to achieve high efficiency and productivity, but also to prevent the spread of dangerous infections and avoid the risk of an outbreak.
Any production in the course of its activities generates simply enormous amounts of waste, many of which are not just a potential, but a clear threat to the environment and human health. Dangerous industries are:
— medical facilities and laboratories: in the course of their work, they form waste containing dangerous infections and toxins, which means that their spread can lead to an outbreak of the epidemic;
— agricultural enterprises: various poultry farms, meat processing plants and livestock production form large amounts of biological waste, which in the process of decomposition become an excellent environment for pathogens and viruses;
— utilities: they use large industrial furnaces to burn household waste;
— oil refining companies: as a result of their work, oil sludge is formed, which pose a potential threat to the environment.
The list of productions where it is possible to use incinerator installation is not limited only to these enterprises. This equipment is characterized by a huge range of actions and has a positive conclusion of environmental expertise for the disposal of more than 1300 types of waste.
And most importantly, the operation of incinerators does not require specific skills and long-term training: employees who will serve the device, you just need instruction on safety and use of equipment.
Incinerator operation is almost completely automated, which minimizes the human factor. The recycling process consists of the following stages:
— Loading of waste into the chamber and its combustion: in this chamber and the process of incineration of waste. At temperatures up to 1100 degrees Celsius, the total volume of unsuitable materials is reduced to 20 times, leaving no more than 5% sterile ash.
— Cooling of incinerator and ash residue. Be sure to wait until this process is complete.
— Unloading of ash residue. This should be done delicately, so as not to damage the lining refractory layer of the loading tank.
As you can see, the incinerator for waste disposal is simple, but effective, which makes its use extremely relevant for any production that produces large amounts of garbage.
Turning a blind eye to the global «garbage problem» that hangs over humanity is a crime against the planet. Therefore, more and more progressive and modern enterprises operating in our country are looking for alternative methods of waste disposal. After all, it is important not just to destroy a large amount of garbage – this task is coped with by incinerators, poisoning the atmosphere with their dangerous exhausts, but also to ensure the safety of this process.
Incinerator for waste disposal – high-tech equipment that allows you to solve two problems associated with the destruction of garbage. It can be used to dispose of unsuitable materials and neutralize hazardous combustion products that are formed in the process.
Installation of incinerator works on the principle of thermal exposure at higher temperatures is decomposed and rendered harmless even hazardous organics and toxic waste.
The main aggregate components of equipment are two cameras: a boot and afterburner. In the first there is a process of utilization of the loaded volume of waste (at temperature to 900 degrees), and in the second-afterburning of gaseous smoke that is formed as a result of burning of garbage (at temperature to 1200 degrees Celsius). The combustion process itself and maintaining the optimum temperature inside the chambers of the device provide high-performance and powerful burners with grate.
The main advantages of incinerator for waste disposal
Buy incinerator — is to make an extremely profitable investment in the optimization of workflows associated with the destruction of industrial waste. In addition, the equipment has other significant advantages:
— easy operation;
— minimum financial costs for subsequent maintenance;
— reliability and durability of equipment;
— automation of the recycling process, allowing to minimize the human factor;
— high productivity, allowing you to dispose of the desired amount of waste directly at the place of their formation;
— high ecological compatibility.
All this leads to the conclusion that incinerators are a new generation of equipment for waste disposal, contributing to the solution of the global problem of garbage accumulation